Out-of-equilibrium systems have nowadays an important role in 1d statistical physics. Although an equilibrium state obviously doesn’t exist for such systems, one looks for a steady state (that is stationary in time). It is defined as the zero-eigenvalue eigenstate of the Markov matrix that describe the evolution of the system. Its exact computation is at the core of many researches.
In some cases, the matrix product state ansatz (matrix ansatz for short) allows to compute this steady state. However no general approach for this ansatz is known. On the other hand, many 1d statistical models appear to be integrable, which allows to get eigenstates of the Markov matrix through Bethe ansatz. The goal of this presentation is to show how integrability gives a natural framework to construct the matrix ansatz for 1d systems with boundaries.
It can be done on very general grounds, allowing to construct the matrix ansatz when it is not known, and also to define new models and/or to find boundary conditions ‘adapted’ to the model under consideration. We will illustrate the technique on some examples.
* Eric Ragoucy, Laboratoire d’Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique Théorique, Annecy, France
FMF, University of Ljubljana, 14th to 17th November 2018
Speakers: Fabian Heidrich-Meisner, Herbert Spohn, Peter Prelovšek, Maurizio Fagotti, Joel Moore, Bruno Bertini, Lenart Zadnik, Katja Klobas, Marko Ljubotina and Gyorgy Feher. The schedule can be found here.
The event will take place at the Kuščer Seminar room, 4th floor, Jadranska 19, except for the Wednesday afternoon session, which takes place in the room 3.07, 3rd floor, Jadranska 21.
We consider a Lindblad time evolution of an open quantum system with dissipation acting on a subset of the degrees of freedom H0, and targeting a unique dark state in H0. It is argued, that in the Zeno limit of strong dissipation, the density matrix of the system traced over the dissipative subspace H0, evolves according to another Lindblad dynamics, with an effective Hamiltonian and weak effective dissipation. This, in turn, allows to calculate the steady state in Zeno limit via a diagonalization of the effective Hamiltonian.
* Vladislav Popkov, Universität Bonn
 Link to the preprint.
I will present work in progress with Marko Ljubotina. We will discuss quasilocal conservation laws in the Trotterized XXZ model and their implications on the spin transport. Interestingly, the model exhibits ballistic transport even for a range of anisotropies which pertain to the gapped regime in the continuous-time limit.
* Lenart Zadnik, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana
We demonstrate the existence of a new quantum phase of matter that arises in antiferromagnetic spin chains with a weak frustration -just one bond in a large chain-. This is the case, for instance, in systems with an odd number of spins with periodic boundary conditions. Such new phase is extended, gapless, but non-relativistic: the low-energy excitations have a quadratic (Galilean) spectrum. Locally, the correlation functions in the ground state do not show significant deviations, compared to the non-frustrated case, but correlators involving a number of sites (or distances) scaling like the system size display new behaviors. In particular, the von Neumann entanglement entropy is found to follow new rules, for which neither area law applies, nor one has a divergence of the entropy with the system size. Such very long-range correlations are novel and of potential technological interest. We display such new phase in a few prototypical chains using numerical simulations and we study analytically the paradigmatic example of the Ising chain. Through these examples we argue that this phase emerges generally in (weakly) frustrated systems with discrete symmetries.
* Fabio Franchini, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb
 Salvatore Marco Giampaolo, Flávia Braga Ramos, Fabio Franchini, arXiv:1807.07055
In this talk, we will present a framework for the quantification of the capability of various quantum processes to generate coherence. The relevant measures, admitting computable expressions, are based on probabilistic averages and arise naturally from the viewpoint of coherence as a resource. We will focus mainly on unitary evolutions and various dephasing processes, including Lindblad dynamics that dephase in the long-time limit. The latter will turn out to have, in specific cases, optimal coherence-generating power for some intermediate time.
* Georgios Styliaris, USC Dornsife, Department of Physics and Astronomy
We study a one-dimensional system of quantum particles in a tight-binding model with infinite on-site repulsion. We introduce an efficient method to calculate one-body correlation functions of states with Néel ordering of spin flavors. For the ground state of this spin ordering, we observe a Gaussian decay of the correlation function. Upon increasing the temperature, the Gaussian decay gradually transforms into an exponential decay.
* Yicheng Zhang, Department of Physics, Penn State
Many-body quantum systems in one dimension have many remarkable characteristics as compared to their higher-dimensional counterparts. On the formal side, advanced nonperturbative methods such as integrability can be used to compute their physical properties, which are nowadays accessible in real experiments on magnetic systems and cold atoms. Moreover, their relaxation and equilibration behaviour cannot be simply described by traditional textbook methods, and can lead to long-lived non-thermal equilibrium states. This talk will provide an overview of current research in this area, and introduce recently-discovered methods to treat quenched and driven systems in various experimentally-relevant contexts.
* Jean-Sébastien Caux, Institute of Physics, University of Amsterdam